Skip to main content

Home  ES  JHS  HS  Articles  Blogs  Forum  Links  NonTextbook  SUBMISSIONS  Volunteers  Warmups  Shoutbox   
General Games > Grammar > CO1 > CO2 > CO3 > NC1 > NC2 > NC3 > NH1 > NH2 > NH3 > OW1 > OW2 > OW3 > SU1 > SU2 > SU3 > TE1 > TE2 > TE3 >  

JHS GRAMMAR

 

The JHS grammar section is currently under renovation. New sections of grammar, both specific to JHS textbook grammar pages and general grammar topics will be added in the coming months.

A

Adjectives: なし


Adverbs of Frequency: Always, often, usually, sometimes, never


Articles (definite/indefinite): This is a book. This is the book.


C

Comparative & Superlative: Godzilla is stronger than King Kong.


Complement, Object: (S+V+O+C): They call him Bob.

Complement, Verb: (S+V+O+O) She gave me a kiss.


Conditional: If you go, please call me.


Conjunction, Subordinate (because/when): English is not math because it is...
D

Days: なし


Directions: All grades on one page.


F

False Subjects: It rained. There is a book by the table.


G

Gerunds: Teaching English in Japan is very challenging.


General verbs: Do you Like Baseball?


Gestures: なし


I

Imperative: Don't drive fast!


It...For...To...: It is difficult for me to understand MEXT's English decisions.


M

Manners: なし


Misc: Columbus 21 / New Crown / New Horizon / One World / Sunshine / Total English


Months: なし


N

Noun Clause, infinitive: I know how to speak English.

Noun Clause, non-infinitive: He knew why the child was there.

Noun, Plurals: I have two hamburgers.


Numbers


O

Opinions: I think that we need parking areas.


P

Phonics


Polite Language: May I...? /Could I...? / Would you like to/some... / Shall I...?


Possessive: Whose bike is this? It is Ken's bike.


Pre-Lesson 1: なし


Prepositions: There is a toy under the tree.


Pronoun, 1st, 2nd & 3rd person (he, she, you, they, it, etc.): She is Emi.

Prounoun, Demonstrative (this, that): This is a dog. That is a pencil.

Q

Quantifiers (any, some, few, many, most, etc.): Do you have any pencils?


Question, How: ...do, ...is, ...long, ...many, ...much

Question, Review Activities: who, what, when where, etc.

Question, What: located in Verb, Present (simple) / Verb, Present (plural) / Noun, Plurals

Question, When: When is the baseball game on TV?

Question, Where: Where is the love?

Question, Which: Which English textbook do you like?

Question, Who: (located in Pronoun)

Question, Whose: (located in Possessive)

Question, Why: (located in Conjunction, Subordinate)


R

Relative, Pronoun (that/which/who): English is a language that Japan is...

Relative, Reduced Clause: The people answering the telephones are...


S

Self-Intros: なし


Shopping:All the grammar points pertaining to shopping on one page.


Superlative & Comparative: Godzilla is the strongest of all monsters.

Spelling Bee Challenge: A spelling test for JHS students. 





T

Telephone Conversations


Time


V

Verb, 'Be' Verb (is am are): I am Emi.

Verb, Causative: (located in complement, Object)

Verb, Continuous (past): I was reading a book yesterday.

Verb, Continuous (present): Koji is cooking now.

Verb, Copular (look): You look happy.

Verb, Future: I will watch TV. I am going to play soccer.

Verb, Helping (can): I can fly.

Verb, Helping (must): You must help your mother.

Verb, Infinitive (~suru koto): I want to find some... / ...tells me to work hard.

Verb, Infinitive (~suru tame ni): I use a computer to play games.

Verb, Infinitive (~suru tame no): I have a lot of work to do.

Verb, Passive: Braille is used by many people.

Verb, Past: This cap was 2,000 yen last week.

Verb, Past Continuous: I was reading a book last week.

Verb, Present Continuous: I am riding my bike.

Verb, Present Perfect: Have you ever eaten an apple?

Verb, Present (plural): Lisa plays soccer. Does Lisa play soccer?

Verb, Present (simple): I ride my bike. Do you ride bikes?

Verb, Transitive: Located in Verb Complements


W

Weather: Located in 'How' Questions

 

OTHER GRAMMAR TERMS:

Contraction: 省略形 (しょうりゃくけい) 

Intranstive Verb: 自動詞 (じどうし)

Transitive Verb: 他動詞 (たどうし)

 

 

 

 

 

 


***THIS AREA BEING WORKED ON***

ADJECTIVE, ADVERB / 形容詞・副詞

English is interesting.

English is not easy.

I study hard.

COMPARATIVE, SUPERLATIVE / 比較級・最上級

Godzilla is stronger than King Kong.

Godzilla is the strongest of all monsters.

This movie is more interesting than that one.

This movie is the most interesting this year.

Emi is my best friend.

They fly as high as a bird.

COMPLEMENT

OBJECT COMPLEMENT / SVOC

The letters make us happy.

VERB COMPLEMENT / SVOO

We call it a moai.

CONJUNCTION / 接続詞

If you can go, please call me.

I think (that) we need a parking area.

People complained when a bike fell on Kumi.

I am against the plan because we need our parks.

GERUND / 動名詞

I finished writing this poem.

Singing Christmas songs is popular.

IMPERATIVE / 命令文

Let's have lunch.

Use this hankerchief.

Don't drive fast.

Be careful.

NOUN CLAUSE / 間接疑問文 or SV+疑問詞+SV

I do not know what you mean.

NOUN & (IN)DEFINITE ARTICLE / 名詞・冠詞

It is a hospital.

It is an animal.

I play the guitar.

Two hamburgers.*

PREPOSITION

There is a present under the tree.**

There are some presents under the tree.

Is there anything interesting in it? Yes, there is. No, there is not.

PRONOUN / 代名詞

He is my friend. She is our teacher

It is mine.

Do you know him? Do you know her?

QUESTION WORD / 疑問視

What is this?

What do you have for breakfast?

How many CDs do you have?

Who is Bill?

What time is it?

Where is my CD?

Whose bag is this?

When can we see them?

Which bus goes to City Hall?***

REDUCED RELATIVE PRONOUN / 接触節****

This is a picture taken about 70 years ago.

The people answering the telephones are operators.

This is a book I bought in the United States.

RELATIVE PRONOUN

Carson is the scientist who wrote Silent Spring.

This is a movie that [which] makes us happy.

This is a book that she wrote last year.

VERB / (動詞)

HELPING VERB / 助動詞*****

We can see the game today.

We cannot see the game today.

Can we ride on the boat? Yes, we can. No, we cannot.

I have to speak English.

I do not have to speak English now.

You must help your mother.

You must not eat too much.

'BE' VERB (PRESENT, PAST) / be動詞 (現在形、過去形)

I am Emi.

You are Emi.

Are you Ms. Green? Yes, I am.

Are you from America? No, I am not.

This is my country. That is my country.

Is this a school? Yes, it is. No, it is not. It is a hospital.

This cap was 2,000 yen last week.

Was this cap 2,000 yen last week? Yes, it was. No, it was not.

COPULA / れんけつしてきどうしor SVC

You look happy.

FUTURE TENSE / 未来形

I am going to visit Lake Towada tomorrow.

Are you going to visit Lake Towada tomorrow? Yes, I am. No, I am not.

I will show you her picture tomorrow

INFINITIVE / 不定詞

I use a computer to play games.

I want to find some e-pals.

I have a lot of work to do.

We are glad to have a chance.

I know how to use a fan.

It is difficult for me to understand Japanese.

GENERAL VERB (PAST) / 一般動詞 (過去形)

I walked across the bridge yesterday.

I went to school yesterday.

Did you study English yesterday? Yes, I did. No, I did not.

I did not study English yesterday.

GENERAL VERB (PRESENT) / 一般動詞 (現在形)

I like music.

Do you play the piano? Yes, I do. No, I do not.

I do not have a car.

Lisa likes Japan.

Does she like kabuki? Yes, she does. No, she does not.

Koji does not speak Chinese.

PASSIVE / 受け身

Braille is used by many people.

Was Braille invented by a Frenchman?******

PRESENT PERFECT / 現在完了形

I have lived in Japan for five years.

She has lived in Japan for five years.

Have you played the piano for ten years?

How long have you played the piano?*******

These girls have been here since early this morning.

PROGRESSIVE TENSE (PRESENT, PAST) / 進行形 (現在形、過去形)

Koji is cooking now.

Is he swimming? Yes, he is. No, he is not.

What is he doing? He is swimming.

I was reading a book then.

* Fragment sentence.

** Prepositions in the textbook (at least the New Horizon series) are a bit ackward to disect. When I asked various JTEs about what specifically this 'grammar point' is supposed to be teaching, I was told it was introducing "There is/are..." The confusion is that this particular 'grammar point' doesn't exist in English. Since "is/are" was introduced in the first year, I focused on the preposition in the sentence.

*** If I'm not mistaken, "city hall" refers to a type of building, much like "video store" and you wouldn't capitalize that, so unless you provide the name of the 'city hall' it should be written in lowercase letters.

**** Also, referred to as Postmodification. (後置修飾)

***** Also, referred to as an Auxiliary Verb.

****** "Braille" is a language, and as such, needs to be capitalized.

******* Technically, the example sentence should fall into the Question Word category.

 

This page was last modified on Monday, April 17, 2017 11:40:23 AM