OTHER GRAMMAR TERMS:
Contraction: 省略形 （しょうりゃくけい）
Intranstive Verb: 自動詞 （じどうし）
Transitive Verb: 他動詞 (たどうし）
***THIS AREA BEING WORKED ON***
ADJECTIVE, ADVERB / 形容詞・副詞
English is interesting.
English is not easy.
I study hard.
COMPARATIVE, SUPERLATIVE / 比較級・最上級
Godzilla is stronger than King Kong.
Godzilla is the strongest of all monsters.
This movie is more interesting than that one.
This movie is the most interesting this year.
Emi is my best friend.
They fly as high as a bird.
OBJECT COMPLEMENT / SVOC
The letters make us happy.
VERB COMPLEMENT / SVOO
We call it a moai.
CONJUNCTION / 接続詞
If you can go, please call me.
I think (that) we need a parking area.
People complained when a bike fell on Kumi.
I am against the plan because we need our parks.
GERUND / 動名詞
I finished writing this poem.
Singing Christmas songs is popular.
IMPERATIVE / 命令文
Let's have lunch.
Use this hankerchief.
Don't drive fast.
NOUN CLAUSE / 間接疑問文 or SV+疑問詞+SV
I do not know what you mean.
NOUN & (IN)DEFINITE ARTICLE / 名詞・冠詞
It is a hospital.
It is an animal.
I play the guitar.
There is a present under the tree.**
There are some presents under the tree.
Is there anything interesting in it? Yes, there is. No, there is not.
PRONOUN / 代名詞
He is my friend. She is our teacher
It is mine.
Do you know him? Do you know her?
QUESTION WORD / 疑問視
What is this?
What do you have for breakfast?
How many CDs do you have?
Who is Bill?
What time is it?
Where is my CD?
Whose bag is this?
When can we see them?
Which bus goes to City Hall?***
REDUCED RELATIVE PRONOUN / 接触節****
This is a picture taken about 70 years ago.
The people answering the telephones are operators.
This is a book I bought in the United States.
Carson is the scientist who wrote Silent Spring.
This is a movie that [which] makes us happy.
This is a book that she wrote last year.
VERB / (動詞）
HELPING VERB / 助動詞*****
We can see the game today.
We cannot see the game today.
Can we ride on the boat? Yes, we can. No, we cannot.
I have to speak English.
I do not have to speak English now.
You must help your mother.
You must not eat too much.
'BE' VERB (PRESENT, PAST) / be動詞 （現在形、過去形）
I am Emi.
You are Emi.
Are you Ms. Green? Yes, I am.
Are you from America? No, I am not.
This is my country. That is my country.
Is this a school? Yes, it is. No, it is not. It is a hospital.
This cap was 2,000 yen last week.
Was this cap 2,000 yen last week? Yes, it was. No, it was not.
COPULA / れんけつしてきどうしor SVC
You look happy.
FUTURE TENSE / 未来形
I am going to visit Lake Towada tomorrow.
Are you going to visit Lake Towada tomorrow? Yes, I am. No, I am not.
I will show you her picture tomorrow
INFINITIVE / 不定詞
I use a computer to play games.
I want to find some e-pals.
I have a lot of work to do.
We are glad to have a chance.
I know how to use a fan.
It is difficult for me to understand Japanese.
GENERAL VERB (PAST) / 一般動詞 （過去形）
I walked across the bridge yesterday.
I went to school yesterday.
Did you study English yesterday? Yes, I did. No, I did not.
I did not study English yesterday.
GENERAL VERB (PRESENT) / 一般動詞 （現在形）
I like music.
Do you play the piano? Yes, I do. No, I do not.
I do not have a car.
Lisa likes Japan.
Does she like kabuki? Yes, she does. No, she does not.
Koji does not speak Chinese.
PASSIVE / 受け身
Braille is used by many people.
Was Braille invented by a Frenchman?******
PRESENT PERFECT / 現在完了形
I have lived in Japan for five years.
She has lived in Japan for five years.
Have you played the piano for ten years?
How long have you played the piano?*******
These girls have been here since early this morning.
PROGRESSIVE TENSE (PRESENT, PAST) / 進行形 （現在形、過去形）
Koji is cooking now.
Is he swimming? Yes, he is. No, he is not.
What is he doing? He is swimming.
I was reading a book then.
* Fragment sentence.
** Prepositions in the textbook (at least the New Horizon series) are a bit ackward to disect. When I asked various JTEs about what specifically this 'grammar point' is supposed to be teaching, I was told it was introducing "There is/are..." The confusion is that this particular 'grammar point' doesn't exist in English. Since "is/are" was introduced in the first year, I focused on the preposition in the sentence.
*** If I'm not mistaken, "city hall" refers to a type of building, much like "video store" and you wouldn't capitalize that, so unless you provide the name of the 'city hall' it should be written in lowercase letters.
**** Also, referred to as Postmodification. (後置修飾)
***** Also, referred to as an Auxiliary Verb.
****** "Braille" is a language, and as such, needs to be capitalized.
******* Technically, the example sentence should fall into the Question Word category.
This page was last modified on Monday, April 17, 2017 11:40:23 AM